SIR ISAAC

What comes up must go down.

DEFINITION/SUMMARY:

Sir Isaac Newton

Flavor text is from his famous quote

“what goes up must come down.”

English mathematician and physicist; remembered for developing the calculus and for his law of gravitation and his three laws of motion (1642-1727)

Sir Isaac

  • English mathematician, physicist, astronomer, and philosopher
  • Most famous for his law of gravitation, his three laws of motion, his theory that light is composed of corpuscles, and his development of calculus
  • Works include Principia Mathematica (1687) and Opticks (1704)
  • The British mathematician and physicist Sir Isaac Newton is still reveired as one of the greatest scientists of all time
  • In 1665, the year he received his bachelor’s degree, an outbreak of the bubonic plague forced him to leave Cambridge (College) and return home where he did some of his most important scientific work
  • Thought to be his greatest achievement was to demonstrate that scientific principles have universal applications
  • His universal law of gravitation states that there is and attractive force acting between all bodies in the universe

Folklore states

  • He observed an apple falling from a tree and remarkably, connected the force drawing the apple to the ground with that of keeping the moon in it’s orbit

Newton’s three laws of motion

  • Laid the basis for the science of mechanics, bridged the gap between scientific thinking about terrestrial and celestial dynamics

The laws are:

  1. A body at rest or moving in a straight line will continue to do so unless acted upon by an external force
  2. The acceleration of a moving object is proportional toand in the same direction as the force acting on it and inversely proportional to the object’s mass same direction
  3. For every action there is an equal and opposite reaction

For nearly 400 years these laws have remained unchallenged; even

  • Newton stated his laws of motion in his 1687 masterpiece, the Principia Mathematica, in which he also introduced his formulation of the calculus (what we now call simply “calculus”)
  • A different version of which was simultaneously developed by Leibnitz
  • In optics, Newton demonstrated that white light contains all the colors of the spectrum and provided strong evidence that light was composed of particles

Though today he is revered as the father of modern physics, Newton was also secretly an Alchemist. He had to keep this hidden because at that time it was illegal to practice alchemy

  • Found in his writings was a formula for the Philosophers’ Stone, a legendary substance that reputedly could turn base metals like iron and lead into gold
  • Newton’s dabblings in alchemy are well known and documented, but his belief that he had found the closely guarded blueprint for the Philosophers’ Stone was astonishing
  • Disguising his alchemical investigations (he wrote more than a million unpublished words on the subject) with codes, obscure symbols for chemicals, and colorful metaphors
  • His notes contain cryptic references to “Green Lion,” “Neptune’s Trident,” and the “Scepter of Jove.”

He was obsessed with a material that was thought to help find the missing elements and held it as a prize known as the Red Earth

EXPANDED INFO:

Alchemy

  • To purify, mature, and perfect specific objects
  • Word Chemistry is derived from alchemy

Origin

  • Born from the transmutation of base metals.
    Crysopoeia: Attempt to make gold from base objects

Evolution

  • The practice claimed to be successful therefore lead to the belief that it could be applied to healing. Many cultures held that this was the discovery behind the elixir of life and thus begins the Philosophers stone

Philosophers stone

  • Legendary substance that could turn any base metal into gold also grants immortality

Science

  • The historic practice and heavily sought after philosophers stone is captured in the emblem and symbols used for alchemy

Comprised of
Seven planetary metals

  • Gold, silver, copper, iron, tin, mercury and lead
  • Four base elements
    Air, earth, water, and fire
  • Three primes Triangle
    Spirit (Mercury), Body(salt) and Soul(sulfur)
  • Zodiac signs are used in Cryptography to decode processes in the Magnum Opus

ADD/MISC: